Friday, November 30, 2012

Wholeness and Human Feeling Must be Regained

We hope by now the reader will understand that the battle between system -A and system -B is not merely a clash between two competing theories of architecture. More profoundly, it is a clash between two competing systems of thought, human organization, and social activity. The two worldviews differ about the ways human society should be organized, about questions of ultimate value, and about the ways in which our social and emotional life may typically be arranged.

When this distinction is understood, it will indeed be seen that there must be conflict between the two world-systems. We need this confrontation in order to heal ourselves, and our communities.

The connection between human feeling and the wholeness of the world is profound. The activity of using this connection in service to the world is something that can be regained and must be regained. And in our search for wholeness, the presence of profound feeling in the hearts of human observers is the most sensitive, most reliable measuring stick. - Christopher Alexander, Battle for the Life & Beauty of the Earth, page 60-61

Dytting rundt vindu

Det er utrolig vanskelig å dytte isolasjon rundt vinduer uten at utforinga buler. Løsningen er å kappe en bordbit som er ca en cm bredere enn lysmålet, slik at denne kan sette utforinga i spenn motsatt vei under dyttearbeitet.

Self-Organized Middle Earth Towns


See more pictures here: Middle Earth

Related reading:

Skjendingen av innlandets dronning

Skjendingen av innlandets dronning foregår i all offentlighet, vårt moderne samfunn eier ingen skam. Tok dette usigelig triste bildet når jeg kjørte E6 fra Kolomoen til Minnesund i forgårs. Klikk på bildet for forstørrelse.

Tuesday, November 27, 2012

Sunday, November 25, 2012

Eventyrvinduet

Persimon til søndagsfrokosten

Årets siste persimon, også kalt sharon, 4 for 10 hos Rema. Min svigermor hadde kuttet dem i båter og lagt dem så fint utover at jeg fikk lyst til å ta et bilde. Herlig forfriskende til søndagsfrokosten etter egg og bacon, nesten som en tur til Spania og mye billigere.

Saturday, November 24, 2012

Biophilia

Michael W. Mehaffy and Nikos A. Salingaros

First published in Metropolis (metropolismag.com), 29 November 2011.

License Attribution–ShareAlike.

In 1984, the environmental psychologist Roger Ulrich made a startling discovery. In studying hospital patients recovering from surgery, he found that one factor alone accounted for significant differences in post-operative complications, recovery times, and need for painkillers. It was the view from their windows!

Half the patients had views out to beautiful nature scenes. The other half saw a blank wall. This was an astonishing result — the mere quality of aesthetic experience had a measurable impact on the patients’ health and wellbeing. Moreover — and this certainly caught the attention of hard-nosed economists — because the patients stayed less time, used fewer drugs, and had fewer complications, their stay in the hospital actually cost less.

Experiments by Roger Ulrich showed that a simple view out to a natural scene conveyed a range of measurable health benefits to recovering patients.

Ulrich’s study began a wave of research into an area known as biophilia — the apparent instinctive preference we have for certain natural geometries, forms, and characteristics within our environments. Over time, many more studies have been done showing that when the characteristics of natural environments are present, human beings tend to feel calmer, more at ease, more comfortable, less stressed — and, most astounding, their health can actually improve.

Most of us know the feeling of oppression that comes from a windowless room with ugly blank walls. We all know the delight of entering a sun-filled space, perhaps with green plants and water. We surely have experienced special places that have rejuvenated us, made us feel that we were healing, just by being there. Yet what these studies showed was that such experiences are not merely more or less pleasurable, as had been thought. They play a fundamental role in our wellbeing, even if it’s below the level of our conscious awareness. They can actually improve our health — or their negative counterpart can damage our health.

The implications are potentially earth-shattering: aesthetic design choices are not just a matter of the designer’s artistic expression, for users to enjoy or not enjoy — together with other factors, they can improve, or damage, the health of users. If this is true, it means that designers have a level of responsibility for the health of users that is much greater than is commonly realized.

Unbelievable

Amazing! Photo: travelwayoflife

Friday, November 23, 2012

The Corona of a Sunflower

Photo: Böhringer Friedrich

Thick boundary zones are old fashioned! Or so it would seem based on their utter scarcity in contemporary architecture where thin skins abound. So why would Christopher Alexander name ‘Boundaries’ as one of the 15 Fundamental Properties key to spatial coherence? Well, it seems that the natural world couldn’t really exist without them. Could the sun exist in the near vacuum of space without the massive boundary zone we call the corona? Could a cell nucleus exist without a substantial cell wall to both protect it from the outer environment and connect it to its source of life? Tom Kubala

Svada fra Sørbø

Min kommentartråd på Aftenposten angående Tommy Sørbøs artikkel: Pent, stygt eller sant? Hvis du misliker Lambda har det ikke noe med bygget å gjøre, men deg selv.


    • 19682010
      Hva som er vakkert er heldigvis ikke subjektivt, slik artikkelforfatteren gir inntrykk av. Skjønnhet er objektivt, og kan i større og større grad defineres av kriterier utenfor oss selv. Dette kalles biofilisk design.
      Den viktigste størrelsen internasjonalt innen tematikken biofilisk design, er Christopher Alexander. Jeg har skrevet en introduksjon hos det amerikanske nettstedet Resilience.org for en forelesning Alexander holdt på Berkeley i 2011, denne, med video fra forelesningen, kan lastes ned her: http://www.resilience.org/stor...
      At Lambda er en stygg bygning er dessverre en objektiv sannhet.
    • alexander377
      Lambda er som den kunsten bygget skal huse; spennende og utfordrende, men ikke nødvenigvis pen eller vakker.
      Lambda passer perfekt til Munch...
      Begge vil utfordre og provosere, begge skaper trang til å forsere, begge vil tenne både de som liker og de som ikke liker...
      Munch vil forholde seg til Lambda som hånd i hanske.
    • 19682010
      Dette ville vært helt greit hvis Lambda var et bilde man kunne henge på en vegg i et kunstgalleri. Men som en dominerende del av bybildet er det ikke arkitekturens oppgave å provosere, men å skape helhet. Ekte helhet bare er, lik naturen selv, man merker den knapt, inntil den blir ødelagt.
    • HerbAlpert
      Å påstå at skjønnhet er 100% objektivt er like håpløst som å påstå at skjønnhet er 100% subjektivt.
      Det er mange faktorer som spiller inn. Ikke minst vil jeg påstå at kulturell påvirkning former mennesker oppfatning av estetikk.
      Det som enhver person/arkitekt "føler i sitt indre", slik Christopher Alexander sier, er ikke bare personens "naturlige jeg" men også et verdisett som er bygd opp gjennom oppvekst, utdannelse og annen ytre påvirkning.
    • 19682010
      Det har du fullstendig rett i, og i dag er den dominerende påvirkningskraften gjennom utdanning og media preget av modernismens tyranny.
      - The Tyranny of Artistic Modernism:http://www.newenglishreview.or...
    • bjorncap
      Kan du begrunne denne objektive sannheten. Foreløpig står den som en løs påstand. Det du henviser til er objektiv skjønnhet utifra noe virkelig. Lambda er langt fra virkeliggjort. Her er et stykke igjen.
    • 19682010
      Da du svarte for en time siden, dvs. samtidig som jeg postet min kommentar, kan du umulig ha sett forelesningen til Alexander. Se denne, les evt. boka og vurder deretter hvor løse "påstandene" Christoffer Alexander framlegger er.

Wednesday, November 21, 2012

Tiles of Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque

According to Adolf Loose this is a severe crime! Interior wall and ceiling of the tiles of Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque in Isfahan. Photo: مانفی 

Monday, November 19, 2012

Review from Creelman Research Library on Alexander's “The Battle for the Life and Beauty of the Earth”

Read the original review here.
If you specialize in human resources it may not be immediately obvious that a book on the construction of a high school in Japan would be relevant to your work. However, Christopher Alexander’s The Battle for the Life and Beauty of the Earth touches on profound matters and any thinking person will find ties to their own ambitions.

SYNOPSIS
Christopher Alexander is an architect and builder. He taught at Berkeley for many years and his work goes beyond the domain of architecture, he studies the nature of aesthetics and one might even say the metaphysics of how beautiful places can connect us to the divine. If all that sounds too ethereal for the practical man remember that Alexander is not an ivory tower architect, he’s also a builder who trudges through muddy fields, mixes cements, and applies his hand to painting details.
The ‘Battle’ in his book took place when he built the Eishen campus near Tokyo: a high school campus of more than a dozen buildings and a small artificial lake. I have visited Eishen; it’s a lovely peaceful place, and it is hard to believe its creation invoked a battle involving giant construction companies, boardroom backstabbing, betrayal and even the Yakuza.

At the heart of the battle was his approach to building. Most building projects are fairly mechanical and capitalistic. An architect designs something in great detail on paper and then they pass it to a construction firm that attempts to complete the design as accurately (and as cheaply) as possible. All the thinking is done in the design stage, the builder is just a ‘pair of hands’ to execute it. Alexander’s approach is to work from drawings to mock-ups to the building itself. His approach allows for constant tweaking of the design to create something wonderful that works as a whole. The thinking never stops since it is impossible to know the right answers until you are deep in construction and what is working and not working has become clear. He calls this adaptive approach System A, and the mechanistic one System B.

LESSONS FOR MANAGEMENT
Managers should understand these two fundamental modes of approaching work and how deeply they conflict. System A seems so sensible that one wonders who would oppose it. However, the world we live in often does operate where one person creates a plan then hands it off to someone else to execute it. In management we saw the best example of System B in formal strategic planning, a process that Henry Mintzberg (The Rise and Fall of Strategic Planning) showed almost always fails, often spectacularly so.
That we so readily fall into this trap of separating planning from doing probably is a result of the basic organization of our brain. When we want to see the bigger picture we use the right brain. When we want to analyse the parts we use the left brain. The right brain perceives the territory, the left brain draws the map. Problems arise because to the left brain the map is the reality and it is bitterly intolerant of the right brain pointing out how the nuances, paradoxes and quirks of the real world do not fit the map. Most architects do not want to hear from the builder that what looked brilliant on paper doesn’t have the right effect in real life and ought to be changed.

Another lesson for management is what powerful opposing forces we stir up when we challenge the normal way of approaching things. People steeped in the usual System B process of construction literally could not imagine how Alexander’s approach could work. Even people who claimed they were sympathetic kept coming back to the old way of doing things. As well, a new process deeply upset vested interests. It takes courage to fight through all the battles, and it is not a contest one should go into unprepared.

WRAPPING UP
The Battle for the Life and Beauty of the Earth is a compelling story of people creating something wonderful with huge forces stacked against them. It is also a call to approach projects in an evolutionary way. A central concept in System A is what Alexander calls “wholeness enhancing transformations”; a kind of continual improvement that gradually brings the whole into being; rather than handling a series of disconnected parts one at time.
There is no question there is a time for an analytical approach, and the mathematically inclined Alexander is as happy as anyone to get into the detailed modelling of structural forces. However analysis needs to be tightly held to its place as a tool in aid of a larger, bigger picture goal. These are lessons there which go far beyond architecture. CREELMAN RESEARCH LIBRARY

The Inconvinient Truth

In fact, says Anderson, we are almost guaranteed to reach 4 degrees of warming, as early as 2050, and may soar far beyond that - beyond the point which agriculture, the ecosystem, and industrial civilization can survive. Kevin Anderson
- Kevin Anderson: What they won't tell you about climate catastrophe

Sunday, November 18, 2012

Sunday Trip in November

I and my daughter had a very nice and refreshing walk today in the hills above my town. Click on the image for a magnification.

No reason to complain about the view either. Queen Mjøsa in the middle, Helgøya Island to her left and the Skreia Mountains to her right. Click on the image for a magnification. (Dette bildet ble publisert som dagens OA bilde i Oppland Arbeiderblad tirsdag 20. november 2012, s. 18. Se bidraget hos Origo her.

A Farm in the November Sun

 A Norwegian farm in the Lake Mjøsa area, Totenåsen Hills is seen in the background. The soil here is very fertile, as it has been sea-bed two times. Fossils like trilobites and squids are regularly found. Click on the photo for a magnification.

My Comment at P2P-Foundation about Self-Understanding

Personally I believe that our self-understanding will go astray without awareness of God.
The builders of Florence, especially those building from about the year 1000 A.D. to 1500 A.D., lived and worked with an unshakable belief in God. As one looks at the works that came from their hands, God is everywhere: in the paintings now hanging in the Uffizi, in the Baptistery, in San Miniato, in the life and death of Beato Angelico living in his cell in the monastery of San Marco. For them, every stone was a gift to that unshakable belief in God they shared. It is the belief, the unshakable nature of the belief, its authenticity, and above all its solidity, which made it work effectively for them. We, in our time, need an authentic belief, a certainty, connected with the ultimate reaches of space and time — which does the same for us. – Christopher Alexander, The Luminous Ground, page 42
The self-understanding of modern man has made itself manifest in modern architecture. All that it say is: Look at me, look at me!

The Middle Ages was the peak of European history and culture. Because of their self-understanding as part of something much larger than themselves. In our individualistic ego-culture we have lost this perspective entirely. Indeed, we are the ones that live in the dark ages!

Self-understanding through peer to peer and the commons

Saturday, November 17, 2012

A Movement Against Yourself

Green groups [...] have spent a lot of time trying to change individual lifestyles: the iconic twisty light bulb has been installed by the millions, but so have a new generation of energy-sucking flatscreen TVs. Most of us are fundamentally ambivalent about going green: We like cheap flights to warm places, and we’re certainly not going to give them up if everyone else is still taking them. Since all of us are in some way the beneficiaries of cheap fossil fuel, tackling climate change has been like trying to build a movement against yourself—it’s as if the gay-rights movement had to be constructed entirely from evangelical preachers, or the abolition movement from slaveholders. - Bill McKibben
Personally I have to admit it's great to get away from the Norwegian cold sometimes, to spend hours swimming in the sea. Bathing in Lake Mjøsa for two minutes in the middle of the summer makes me colder than after two hours in the waters outside Spain.

Agriocnemis Pygmaea Male, Burdwan, West Bengal, India

Photo: JDP90 (Joydeep) 

My Comment Regarding the Close Relationship Between Alexander's "A Pattern Language" and Bongard's "The Biological Human"

Amotz Zahavi
I really look forward to that! Personally I find it immensely promising to combine the good forces of the handicap principle discovered by Amotz Zahavi, with the pattern technology developed by Christopher Alexander. To mix these two are in my eyes dynamite, and can be a major contribution for a more human society.

Unfortunately I know of no others that share my enthusiasm for this idea, I don't think neither Alexander or Bongard has seen its full potential.

As I see it there is a close relationship between Alexander's A Pattern Language and Bongard's The Biological Human. It's like Alexander's pattern-technology is made for utilizing the good forces of the handicap principle. I really don't understand why I've not yet met any others that share my enthusiasm for these possibilities? - Levevei.no

What do We Have to Lose, Other than Illusions?

Yes, the most effective way to slow climate change is to shrink the economy. That statement is inconvenient as hell, but it’s true. Sure, efficiency and renewable energy can nibble around the edges of our carbon emissions, but just three or four percent economic growth per year would be sufficient to cancel out any gains we’d be likely to achieve with solar panels and electric cars. Understandably, this makes the post-carbon transition a tough sell.
So the real trade-off, the real choice we face, is not between climate protection on one hand and economic growth on the other. It’s between planned economic contraction (with government managing the post-carbon transition through infrastructure investment and useful make-work programs) as a possible but unlikely strategy, and unplanned, unmanaged economic and environmental collapse as our default scenario.

Mainstream environmental organizations don’t want to mention any of this because they don’t want to be pilloried as “anti-growth” or “socialist” by right-wing politicians and powerful free-market think tanks. The president won’t touch it with a forty-foot pole, for the same reasons.

Some of us are under no such constraint. We can tell it like it is—and we might as well do so. What do we have to lose, other than illusions? Richard Heinberg

Message to the Debt Taliban in the U.S. Congress: Sovereign States Can’t go Bankrupt

David Graeber in conversation with Max Keiser, on the insights from his book on the history of debt:

Friday, November 16, 2012

The World's Best Collection of Bed Alcoves

Photo: Heinz-Josef Lücking

Lene, the author of the well worth visiting blog The Essence of the Good Life, has made what is probably the world's best collection of bed alcoves. Go directly to her excellent photo-graphic alcove show here:

- ALCOVE - MY FAVOURITE SLEEPING PLACE 

Really refreshing to see this in these continental-bed-times, awful and anxiety-generating as they are.

Hope you know about the two stars alexandrine pattern BED ALCOVE, which is pattern 188 in A Pattern Language. Here Christopher Alexander states that bedrooms make no sense. His conclusion is as follows:
Don't put single beds in empty rooms called bedrooms, but instead put individual bed alcoves off rooms with other non-sleeping functions, so the bed itself becomes a tiny private haven. - Christopher Alexander
For all of you who have A Pattern Language in your book shelves (I guess some of you have, as this book is a major classic), I advice to look up pattern 188 to read it in full.

Thanks also to Mariette VandenMunckhof-Vedder in the comments thread about why people slept half-sitting in old times. I've heard other explanations before, but hers sounds most credible.

Evolution Biologist Elisabet Sahtouris on Economics

The Architect as God and Tyrant

Architects design the physical setting in which social life goes forward. If the material world is what there is, and there are no higher goods, then architects, who create the order of that world, take the place of God. In the modern world the creative visionary architect is therefore a natural totalitarian. Prominent pioneers of architectural modernism included Italian fascists, Bauhaus commies, and the American Nazi Philip Johnson. Others have been freelance tyrants, on a grand scale like Le Corbusier or a petty one like Peter Eisenman. Still others have been opportunistic tools of money and power who build buildings that glorify the rich, powerful, and well-connected and make ordinary people feel out of place. - James Kalb
Le Corbusier; God and Tyrant

Thursday, November 15, 2012

Hvor stor andel av fotosyntesen kan menneskeheten rettmessig gjøre krav på?

Etter et innlegg nylig av Terje Bongard hos Kulturverk, begynte jeg å reflektere over hvor stor andel av fotosyntesen vi mennesker rettmessig kan utnytte til å dekke egne behov.

Sitat fra artikkelen:
Menneskets forbruk av den totale fotosyntesen på jorda er beregnet til mellom 30 og 50 % [1]. Det fører til at de fleste arter utenom mais, hvete, ris og en håndfull andre lever på lånt tid. Det ser ut til at forbruket av global planteproduksjon vil nå 100 % på 40 år. Det er imidlertid umulig. Da er det ikke noe mat igjen til andre arter enn oss, og vi vil dø ut fordi omsetningen i naturen vil bryte sammen. - Terje Bongard
Jeg vil anbefale å lese hele innlegget av Terje Bongard hos Kulturverk:

- På parti med den nære framtida?

Det har vært mye fokusert på hvor stor andel av ressursgrunnlaget den rikeste tiendeparten av verdens befolkning disponerer, og hvor urettferdig denne fordelingen er. Noe jeg sjelden ser diskutert er hvor stor andel av fotosyntesen menneskeheten disponerer på bekostning av andre arter.

I dag har vi belagt beslag på nærmere halvparten av fotosyntesen, dette kan umulig være rett i forhold til våre medskapninger på jorden. At vi rundt år 2050 med dagens vekstrater, økonomisk så vel som befolkningsutvikling, vil forbruke 100 prosent av all fotosyntese på jorden, er intet mindre enn skremmende utsikter.

En verden hvor kun de arter som har et direkte nytteforhold til menneskene, som ris, poteter, kuer og griser, vil ha en fremtid. Dette må være toppen av egoisme! Var det dette Gud mente når han gav oss jorden?

Jeg mener det er på tide vi begynner å diskutere hvor stor andel av fotosyntesen som rettmessig tilhører menneskene. Selv mener jeg at vi er forpliktet til å redusere vår økonomi og vårt antall til å samsvare med cirka 10 prosent av fotosyntesen.

Illustrasjon: Arne Hendriks / Wikimedia Commons

Wednesday, November 14, 2012

Slagsvold Farm at Kraby

After a heavy rainfall during the weekend the fields are again free of snow. Click on the image for a magnification.

Ignorance by Consensus

Consensus offers status and reward for those who can navigate its waters. Further, status salutes status. We warm to those who confirm our attachment to our understanding of the world and all that we have invested in it. A respectable institute conscious of its status will desire to work with someone of equal or higher status; or a government will deem it appropriate to only work with high status advisors (usually the most expensive). So consensus is re-enforced….and Ireland gets Merrill Lynch. - David Korowicz

Monday, November 12, 2012

An exchange with Øyvind Holmstad on the subject of "civilization"

I have not posted this thread with Ross Wolf before as he called me "Swedish", which is a rather serious insult to a Norwegian. So I was lucky to find his post re-posted elsewhere, but with this error corrected. I don't know for sure why Wolf re-posted our conversation either? Was it to make fun of me as a rather naive (in his super-intellectual eyes) half peasant and nature-conservative? Or was it because he found our conversation interesting and informative? Read the conversation and judge yourselves:

- An exchange with Øyvind Holmstad on the subject of "civilization"

Inkludering, eller hvordan å underkue gjennom hersketeknikkenes "vinnerstrategi"

Den mest sofistikerte form for undertrykkelse går gjennom inkludering, i vår kultur særlig gjeldende for den såkalte multikulturalismen, som i virkeligheten er den rasjonelle modernismens avvising av tradisjoner som samfunnsnorm. 

Foto: Jonathan McIntosh

Paul-Otto Brunstad, professor ved NLA i religionspedagogikk, gir en treffende karakteristikk av inkluderingens sanne vesen i artikkelen "Nussifisering av troens mysterium", side 4-5 i Vårt Land fredag 9. november 2012.

Inkludering:

Det finnes en måte å kvitte seg med brysomme fremmede på, og som er mer effektivt enn å forfølge dem, det er å inkludere dem. Ved gradvis å omforme den fremmede, ved gradvis å fjerne alt som er fremmedartet og provoserende, temmes og omskapes den fremmede i vårt eget bilde.

Omformingen skjer ikke gjennom utestenging, utrensking eller forfølgelse, men tvert om gjennom en respektfull inkludering. Til slutt har den fremmede mistet all sin identitet og betydning.

Det kritiske og konstruktive bidraget, som i sin tid rommet en kilde til forandring og fornyelse, er på et punkt tappet for all sin omformende kraft. Den fremmede er temmet og ekskludert ved ganske enkelt å bli inkludert. Det hele har skjedd uten opprivende scener, og så stille og umerkelig, at ingen har lagt merke til det. - Paul-Otto Brunstad
 Et annet sitat fra samme artikkel lyder som følger:
Jesusbarnet er redusert til en ufarlig og nusselig liten skapning, tappet for all guddommelig fremmedhet. - Paul-Otto Brunstad
For multikulturalismen er religionen og tradisjonene for intet annet å regne enn knapper og glansbilder. Likesom litt eksotisk krydder i hverdagen når dette skulle passe.

Relatert lesning:

Sunday, November 11, 2012

Beyond Philosophy

Beyond Philosophy
What is philosophy? If it is anything it is the domain that aims to answer the most substantial questions in a foundational way. It attempts, for example, to provide an account of Truth or Knowledge in a manner that answers these questions in a way that can be understood as ‘scientific’. The attempt, therefore, is to make ‘objective’ or ‘universal’ certain domains of inquiry.

There is more to philosophy than this, however. In virtue of the inquiry into the problems that are most fundamental, philosophers, privilege their domain of inquiry. Philosopher have a sense that their inquiry is in some way special… that it stands distinct from other inquiries. How justified is this? What is the current status of the inquiry?

Rorty is famous for saying ‘Philosophy is Dead!’ What did he mean by this?

The pursuit of foundationalism has followed two different paths that find their basis in two differing perspectives on the foundations for knowledge. The most central philosophical distinction, dating back to Plato, was that between forms and essences and sense impressions… qualia, and so on. For the former, there was something fundamental that resided outside of one’s direct experience of the world… something essential that we are hopefully able to access. Popularly this frame of reference is known as rationalism.

Empiricism which found its roots in the work of Locke, Berkeley and Hume, was a response to rationalism… It asked all metaphysicians who spoke of transcendent realms… how do you know? What is the basis for your knowledge? Empiricists steadfastly assert that the source and foundation for all of our knowledge is sense experience and everything that we can infer needs to start with this foundation.

Then along came Immanuel Kant who served to bridge this divide by constructing an account, in his magnum opus, the Critique of Pure Reason, that suggests that knowledge is constructed by categories in the mind that impose order on an unstructured external world. So persuasive was this account that it completely shifted the playing field and the way we view knowledge as well as our relation to the world. In effect, Kant bridged the divide between rationalists and empiricists.

This is the first major step in collapsing the distinction between subject/object… private/public… inside/outside…
Read the rest of the essay here.

Saturday, November 10, 2012

In Rousseau’s Footsteps: David Graeber and the Anthropology of Unequal Society (Book Review)

A must read!

In Rousseau’s footsteps: David Graeber and the anthropology of unequal society

A review of David Graeber Debt: The first 5,000 years (Melville House, New York, 2011, 534 pages)

My Comment to Ross Wolf's Essay "Max Ajl vs. Alex Gourevitch in Jacobin on society, nature, and the Left: An intervention"

Read the article here.
Personally I come from the small minority on the right that is positive to environmentalism, as I'm a nature conservative.

I'm sorry to inform you that you have misunderstood completely. It's not small that is beautiful, it's scale that is beautiful. Yes, I understand that you are obligated to your hero Le Corbusier to hate scale, and especially the small scales, as he was a mega-maniac. But scale is, in spite of modernist ideology, a natural law that is fundamental for the universe. This is why Christopher Alexander has set "Levels of Scale" as the first and most fundamental property of wholeness: http://www.tkwa.com/fifteen-properties/levels-of-scale-2/

In fact, levels of scale is fractal and is ≈ 2,7: http://meandering-through-mathematics.blogspot.no/2012/02/applications-of-golden-mean-to.html

I find your misunderstanding so serious that I'm determined to write an article called "The Beauty of Scale".
Related:

Tuesday, November 6, 2012

The Snow Farm

The first snowfall of the autumn 2012, covering the fields of a Norwegian farm in the Lake Mjøsa area. Press on the picture for a magnification, or download a full size of the picture here.
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