"In some regions, the man-made rate of change in ocean acidity since the Industrial Revolution is hundred times greater than the natural rate of change between the Last Glacial Maximum and pre-industrial times," emphasizes Friedrich. "When Earth started to warm 17,000 years ago, terminating the last glacial period, atmospheric CO2 levels rose from 190 parts per million (ppm) to 280 ppm over 6,000 years. Marine ecosystems had ample time to adjust. Now, for a similar rise in CO2 concentration to the present level of 392 ppm, the adjustment time is reduced to only 100 -- 200 years."
On a global scale, coral reefs are currently found in places where open-ocean aragonite saturation reaches levels of 3.5 or higher. Such conditions exist today in about 50% of the ocean -- mostly in the tropics. By end of the 21st century this fraction is projected to be less than 5%. The Hawaiian Islands, which sit just on the northern edge of the tropics, will be one of the first to fe…
Recently during a drive along Interstate-90, just outside of Seattle, we passed by a large tract housing development on a hillside near Issaquah. The development immediately caught our attention for a reason that may seem a bit strange. At first glance it reminded us of some of the Italian hilltowns from our student days backpacking around Italy. We know, ridiculous right? Maybe our periphery vision failed us, maybe we had one too many martinis the night before, or maybe we’re just trying to hard. Whatever the case, we couldn’t get it out of our heads. There were inexplicable similarities in the overall composition, massing and patterns.
Hassan Fathy's New Gourna: Past, Present, Future from World Monuments Fund on Vimeo.
In 1945, the Department of Antiquities commissioned the renowned architect Hassan Fathy to design and construct a new settlement to which the inhabitants of Old Gourna were to be relocated, in an effort to curtail suspected looting at the nearby Pharaonic sites and facilitate tourism development. New Gourna was at once his greatest achievement and most profound disappointment. Though Fathy's project was meant to shelter 20,000 inhabitants, only part of the plan was realized between 1946 and 1949, due to political and financial complications and opposition on the part of the residents to relocation. The constructed New Gourna included housing and many public facilities. Today, however, nearly 40 percent of the village has been lost due to lack of maintenance and demolitions. - World Monuments Fund
Takk og pris at jeg anmeldte Nikos bok for P2P-Foundation, slik at denne kunne komme på pallen blant de viktigste bøkene for 2011. Se hele lista: The P2P Foundation Books of the Year 2011: Our annual top ten list of P2P books.
With this new toolbox from Nikos we have the tools needed to truly reunite man with nature both through innate biophilic patterns and geometry. To respect and care for nature we have to create nature through infusing all we create with the geometry found in nature, and to obey the laws of nature. A reason why so many don’t care about nature today is that our cities and towns are anti-nature. - Øyvind Holmstad
Les hele bokanmeldelsen min: A New Permatecture Toolbox! (From Nikos A. Salingaros)
"Is it possible for a gang of amateurs from the Maine woods to pull off the nation's first and most audacious Traditionally Designed Village project in the most sparsely populated county east of the Mississippi?"
"Is it possible that such a project can be funded not by major real estate developers, but crowdfunded from the bottom up by small investors or future residents?"
Hello to "contingent investors" and others that have an interest in the Piscataquis Village Project.
In the nine month period from when the Piscataquis Village Project Facebook site was first established, until our last update at the end of November, we had gone from zero to 400 fans. In the six week period since November that number has more than doubled to over 800. These "fans" come from all over, geographically (mostly Maine and New England), but the ones I find most gratifying are those originally from Piscataquis County, now living elsewhere, who see the Piscataquis …
Ionized air molecules make up more than a very small percentage of the atmosphere.
However, despite their small numbers, these molecules play a profound role in
maintaining the health of the atmosphere by removing particulate and chemical
pollutants. In the indoor environment, ionization provides an even wider spectrum of
benefits, including the destruction of bacteria and elimination of odors. However,
conventional construction and ventilation techniques tend to negate the benefits of
ionization. This problem can be mitigated by technology designed to augment the
ionization of indoor air.
Natural Sources of Atmospheric Ionization
A small number of natural processes contribute a constant supply of ionization to our
atmosphere. These natural sources of ionization include (1) the effects of radiation, (2)
effects of the earth's electric field, (3) the movements of wind, and (4) the splashing of
water (Lenard Effect).
The fact is everything we do is shaped by energy - by electricity, by oil, by gas- and there is not one of these sources of power that doesn't somehow leave blood on our hands and present some kind of dilemma. - Charlotte Du Cann
Tankevekkende innlegg av Charlotte Du Cann i dagens utgave av Energy Bulletin: Waking up in Forest Row
Det triste er at all denne forurensningen og forsimplingen av landskapet, med vannkraftutbygginger, vindmøller og kraftgater, kunne vært unngått hvis vi holdt oss til Bill Mollisons stadig mer aktuelle visdomsord:
When the needs of a system cannot be met from within itself, we pay the price in energy and pollution. - Bill Mollison
Jeg fikk et interressant tilsvar i kommentarfeltet:
To increase or maintain order in an open system, the laws of thermodynamics dictate that entropy must be exported in the form of disorder, and energy is required to do this.
Mollison has simply paraphrased this unalterable aspect of the universe and its laws.
Although the quality of this recording is not the best, the authority of Alexander is so strong that you are hooked whats ewer!
The First Part of Chris's lecture to the Urban Design Group in London on the 23rd of November 2011. After being introduced by John Worthington, he proceeds to take off his jacket and gives one of the most memorable talks that I have ever listened to. His opinion that "Design" is one of the most fatuous activities of an architect was challenging to this group of Architects and Planners at the time but after a careful study of his talk it seems to me that that he may be absolutely right. As they say enjoy! - Islandshrine
- LeCorbusier: the Pol Pot of architecture
Some people say we should stop blaming Le Corbusier, as he was a shild of his time. Unfortunately this is not true, in contrary our time is a child of Le Corbusier. - Øyvind Holmstad
The Battle to Bring Life and Beauty to the Earth:
Alexander will then talk on themes related to the way these buildings were made and are used and what it would mean if these principles could be applied to creating environments everywhere and society in general. What would that take? First is the recognition of what is described in BATTLE as system B - the method of production that is now prevalent throughout the world, which is centered on the profit motive, and supported by institutions and governments. Then we need an understanding of system A, the system which built the Eishin campus, despite system B. It was a very rough road, with many painful, arduous, and sometimes seemingly hopeless battles. But along the way, Alexander and his colleagues learned that it could be possi…
Hvilket vidunderlig sitat:
In her studies Elinor Ostrom found, that “neither the state nor the market” is a successful means for commons management (1990). Based on traditional economics she analyzed the practices of natural commons and finally simply proved liberal dogmatics wrong. Markets are not a good way to allocate resources, and the State is not a good way to re-distribute wealth and manage the destructive results of markets. Best results occur if the people organize themselves according to their needs, experiences and creativity and treat resources and goods not as commodities, but as common pool resources. - P2P Blog
Her er en video av en flokk flotte damer som har forstått dybden av dette sitatet:
The present situation results in part from the enormous power that mass communications media put in the hands of a small elite that can flood the world with the opinions of chosen experts and swamp critical thought with trivia and soundbites. That power makes molders of opinion — media people, entertainers, experts, educators — integral to government; our rulers control opinion because those who control opinion are among them. - James Kalb
For most people, being in a position of power or influence means that you want to influence others and achieve your own goals. In North America, these goals tend to be self-defined and independent from the wider social context. As a result, thinking analytically -- focusing on one's own goal and how to achieve it without being distracted by the surrounding context -- can be advantageous. - Science Daily
This is how liberalists think, to achieve your own goals is the purpose of life, the wider context doesn't matter. The opposite is the traditionalist, where tradition, community and God is the context within every goal is part of a larger whole.
When the needs of a system cannot be met from within itself, we pay the price in energy and pollution. - Bill Mollison
Kooperativ fornybar energi, en bærekraftig og uavhengig permakulturløsning! Hadde dette vært standard ville situasjonen min vært unngått, hvor teknokratiet trer en uønsket og anti-biofilisk design nedover hodene på folk, i konflikt med permakulturens design. Hvordan skal en fullblods permakulturell kunne leve under slikt overformynderi?
Tekniske inngrep i natur og lokalsamfunn har også en bakside, og mon tro om det virkelig er all denne teknologien som påtvinges oss, som gjør våre liv verdt å leve? Ikke minst gjelder dette i forhold til det gode liv på landet. For ikke lenge siden ble alle tekniske inngrep hyllet som framskritt, i tida før biofilien (naturtilknytning) ble etablert som begrep av Edvard O. Wilson. I dag vet vi at tekniske inngrep som bryter med våre nedarvede biofiliske instinkter senker livskvaliteten.
Personlig har jeg måtte fly landsbygda som følge av storsamfunnets prioriteringer. For meg gjaldt det en høyspentledning utenfor småbruket Gryteengen på Toten. I forbindelse med oppgraderingen av denne traseen har jeg forsøkt å få denne fjernet fra de mest intensive designsonene rundt tunet, slik disse er definert av permakulturen, ved Bill Mollison (permaculture.org.au). Dessverre strandet disse forsøkene.
Min bønn for framtida må være at man unngår forstyrrende tekniske inngrep i de mest intensive de…
The entire text of the book "A Theory of Power" is now available online via the links below. Please feel free to use it as you wish. If you would like to purchase a hardcopy from amazon.com, CLICK HERE. - Jeff Vail
Nylig kom jeg over en tekst av Charles Eisenstein, som viser hvordan vårt velferds- og markedsfundamenterte samfunn undergraver fellesskapsverdier (og da tenker jeg på ekte fellesskapsverdier fundamentert i lokalsamfunnet). Essayet kan leses her: To Build Community, an Economy of Gifts.
For å pirre nysgjerrigheten velger jeg å gjengi et utdrag av Eisensteins tekst:
“Community is nearly impossible in a highly monetized society like our own. That is because community is woven from gifts, which is ultimately why poor people often have stronger communities than rich people. If you are financially independent, then you really don’t depend on your neighbors—or indeed on any specific person—for anything. You can just pay someone to do it, or pay someone else to do it.
By suppressing local particularities and turning distinctions and differences into injustices inclusiveness suppresses self-organization, and therefore social spontaneity and voluntary initiatives of all kinds.
Ordinary people can’t act effectively unless local discretion is widely diffused and the informal good sense of the people is accepted as a generally sound basis for action. Inclusiveness rejects both. If there’s significant local discretion inequalities will result, and “the informal good sense of the people” is shot through with settled prejudgments—that is, with prejudices.
For that reason inclusiveness requires suppression of local initiative and self-rule. Those things are unjust from the standpoint of social justice in any event. If I do something that benefits brother Bob, that’s unfair because cousin Dick and uncle Harry get left out. More generally, informal arrangements like mutual assistance based on local networks and moral codes make the benefits of social life …
The result of the attempt to make social relations scientific is contemporary liberalism, including inclusiveness, diversity, and all the rest. When scientism is applied to morality and politics it gives us both a highest good and a highest standard of justice. From those two principles it’s possible to generate a complete political and moral system, one that’s extremely simple and rigorous and therefore excludes all distinctions other than those it relies on.
The highest good scientism gives us is freedom, understood as satisfaction of desire. Preference and aversion are observable, and they’re available to us as guides. Since that’s so, scientism tells us, why not stick with them, and concentrate on setting up a system that gives us what we want and gets rid of what we don’t want? Why bring in other standards based on things that are harder to demonstrate, like God, natural functions, essential qualities, or the good, beautiful, and true? That, it is thought, would be unscientific…